We have seen time and time again in Africa that simply removing a dictator does not remove the institutions through which dictators maintain themselves in power. For example, N igeria is no longer under military rule, yet the military continues to commit human rights abuses in Nigeria because none of the Nigerian governments have made a serious
Many more Ugandan citizens continue to be targeted merely because they have something different to say; their views on how the future of Uganda should look like remain as a fainting source of hope for all of us to hold on to.
The issue in the Sudan was not that the “Black African” south needed to be liberated from the “Arab” north. Those distinctions were the product of European and Arab imperialism in the Sudan. The issue was the lasting impact of foreign imperialism in Sudan and the only way to correct this issue is to create a new national identity. Garang’s vision is even more relevant now given that the role that tribalism has played in South Sudan’s civil war.